EU är ett samarbete mellan 28 länder. EU:s historia börjar på 1950-talet. Sverige blev medlem 1995. Genom åren har EU:s verksamhet ökat både vad gäller antalet länder och frågor som man samarbetar om. EU har sju institutioner med olika uppgifter, till exempel att stifta lagar och bestämma om budgeten.
The elections to the European Parliament took place on 26 May 2019 in Sweden. In the EU elections, the citizens of the EU member states choose by means of general elections those who will represent them in the European Parliament during the next five years.
About the EU elections
- Elections to the European Parliament take place every five years in all EU member states.
- In Sweden, the election took place on Sunday 26 May 2019.
Results of the EU elections
Elections to the European Parliament were held in all EU member states between 23 and 26 May. In Sweden, the elections took place on 26 May.
The Election Authority has information about the result of the Swedish EU elections. The European Parliament has information about the election results in the whole of the EU.
- The election results on the Election Authority’s website (Swedish)
- European election results on the European Parliament website (English)
26 maj 2019
26 May – EU elections in SwedenThe elections to the European Parliament took place on 26 May 2019 in Sweden. The election result is available on www.val.se.
31 maj 2019
31 May – The Election Authority established the result of the electionsOn Friday 31 May, the Election Authority established the election results in Sweden and the Swedish MEPs and alternate members were appointed.
End of June – political groups establishedThe composition of the political groups in the European Parliament were established and the groups presented the members belonging to each group.
2 jul 2019
2 July – the new electoral period beganThe electoral period for the newly elected European Parliament commenced on 2 July with a meeting in Strasbourg, France. The Italian social democrat David Sassoli was elected as the new President of Parliament.
16 jul 2019
16 July – the parliament approved the President of the CommissionThe heads of state and government in the European Council proposed the German Ursula von der Leyen as candidate for new President of the European Commission. On 16 July, the European Parliament voted in favour of the proposal.
8 aug 2019
8 August – the Government proposed a European CommissionerThe Swedish Government proposed the Minister for Employment Ylva Johansson as the new Swedish European Commissioner.
10 sep 2019
10 September – proposal for new European Commission was presentedThe upcoming President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, presented the complete proposal for a new European Commission.
September and October – hearings in the committeesQuestions were put to the proposed European Commissioners by the committees of the European Parliament. The proposed Commissioner from Sweden, Ylva Johansson, was questioned on 1 October.
November - new hearingsThe new European Commission was due to start its work on 1 November if everything had gone according to plan. However, as a few of the originally proposed Commissioners were replaced, further hearings were held during November.
1 dec 2019
1 December – new European Commission in placeThe new European Commission took office on 1 December. The members of the European Parliament approved the new European Commission at a vote on 27 November.
After the EU elections - what happens next?
About a week after the EU elections, the Election Authority established the Swedish election result and the distribution of Swedish seats in the European Parliament.
The Election Authority counted how many seats each party had received on the basis of the votes, and which of the parties’ candidates had been elected to the new European Parliament. Only parties that had received more than 4 per cent of the votes were counted. Parties with fewer than 4 per cent of the votes did not get any seats in the European Parliament.
Sweden currently has 20 seats in the European Parliament. When the UK leaves the EU, Sweden will be allocated one more seat, bringing the total to 21 seats.
- The election results on the Election Authority’s website (in Swedish)
- European election results on the European Parliament website (in English)
2 July - the new electoral period began
The new electoral period began on 2 July, and the new European Parliament commenced its work with a meeting in Strasbourg, France. The Parliament started by electing Italian social democrat David Sassoli as its new President. It is the President who leads the work of the European Parliament. The members of the European Parliament (MEPs) then selected which committees they will work in, and the chairs of the various committees. Most MEPs are members of one committee, and deputy members (substitutes) of another.
New President of the European Commission
On 16 July, the Parliament approved the new President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen from Germany. It is the heads of state and government of the EU member states in the European Council that propose the candidate for President of the Commission, but the proposal must be approved by the European Parliament. According to the EU treaties, the President's political opinions shall reflect the majority in the newly elected Parliament.
The new European Commission
In Sweden, it is the Government that proposes the European Commissioner from Sweden. In August, the Swedish Government proposed the current Minister for Employment Ylva Johansson as Sweden's new European Commissioner.
The incoming President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, together with the EU member states, put together a proposal for the composition of the new European Commission and who would be responsible for what in the Commission. The proposal for a new Commission was presented on 10 September.
In late September and early October, the proposed Commissioners were heard in the European Parliament committees, where they answered both written and oral questions. After the hearings, some of the original candidates were replaced. Supplementary hearings were therefore held in November.
The initial goal was that the new European Commission would start its work on 1 November 2019. However, as some Commissioners were replaced, the approval and starting date was delayed by a month.
The members of the European Parliament approved the new European Commission at a vote on 27 November. The new European Commission consequently took office on 1 December.
Many positions are filled after an EU election
After an election to the European Parliament, there are many positions in the EU that need to be filled with new people. As mentioned above, the Parliament has elected a new President and approved the new President of the European Commission. The entire European Commission has then been appointed and received one member from each member state, with the exception of the UK, which plans to leave the EU.
The heads of state and government in the European Council have also elected a new President to lead and coordinate the Council's work, the Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel. He will take up his post on 1 December.
Furthermore, a new “high representative” has been appointed, who will also start his work on 1 December. The high representative leads the EU's work with foreign affairs and security policy and is also known as the EU's foreign minister. The European Council proposed the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs Josep Borrell for the position of high representative. He was then approved by the President of the European Commission.
The French Managing Director of the IMF, Christine Lagarde, has been proposed as President of the European Central Bank (ECB). She took up her duties on 1 November. The decision concerning this post is taken by the European Council, following consultation with the European Parliament and the Governing Council of the ECB.
Your right to vote
The European Parliament is the only EU institution that is directly elected in general elections.
You are entitled to vote in the elections to the European Parliament in Sweden if you are a Swedish citizen and you have reached the age of 18 by election day at the latest. You are also entitled to vote in the election to the European Parliament if you are a citizen of another EU member state and are registered in Sweden.
Vote in advance or vote on election day
The EU elections work in the same way as the elections to the municipalities, county councils and parliament in Sweden. A voting card is sent to you at your home and you can then either vote in advance or vote at a polling station on election day. You choose which party you would like to represent you in the European Parliament.
You can also vote for a specific person on the party list by putting a cross next to the name of the person on the voting slip. A particular party must receive at least 4 per cent of the votes to get into the European Parliament.
The Election Authority website
Here you can find out more about the elections in Sweden, voting rights and the electoral register, how to vote, ballot papers, and how election results are calculated.
What is the European Parliament?
The European Parliament is the voice of the citizens of the EU. The members of the European Parliament are elected by the citizens of the EU member states in general elections. The European Parliament operates both in Strasbourg in France and in Brussels in Belgium.
There are 751 members in the European Parliament from the EU’s 28 member states. They are known as MEPs (members of the European Parliament). They take part in the decision-making regarding EU laws and the EU budget.
The number of MEPs after Brexit
The UK is in the process of withdrawing from the EU (Brexit). Once this has taken place, the number of MEPs will have fallen to 705. Negotiations are in progress between the UK and the EU on the conditions for withdrawal.
The Swedish MEPs
20 Swedish MEPs represent the Swedish citizens. By voting in the EU elections, the citizens of the EU member states decide which political parties and members of parliament will take part in the decision-making in the European Parliament.
MEPs are part of their party groups
The members of the European Parliament debate EU matters and develop new EU laws. Each MEP is part of a party group. Each party group consists of MEPs with similar opinions.
In the Parliament, the MEPs sit together in their party groups, not together with other members from the same country. Parties of the left sit on the left and parties of the right on the right. The Greens and Liberal parties sit in the middle.
Parties represented in the European Parliament and number of members 2019–2024
MEPs by Member State in the European Parliament
- 96 Germany
- 74 France
- 73 Italy and United Kingdom
- 54 Spain
- 51 Poland
- 32 Romania
- 26 Netherlands
- 21 Greece, Belgium, Portugal, Czechia and Hungary
- 20 Sweden
- 18 Austria
- 17 Bulgaria
- 13 Denmark and Finland
- 11 Ireland and Lithuania
- 8 Slovenia and Latvia
- 6 Estonia, Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta
The UK is in the process of withdrawing from the EU (Brexit). Once this has taken place, the number of MEPs will have fallen to 705.